Brief Description of the Specialization
The field of Farm Power and Machinery involves the application of mechanical, physical, biological and electronic principles to the solution of real-life problems or issues in crop/fruit/vegetable production and processing. Among others, the coursework includes the study of theories of soil failure, traction, compaction, and floatation on agricultural soils; dynamics of seeding and transplanting, soil-seed and seedling–machine interactions; principles of digital and analogue measurements and control of temperature, humidity, strain, moisture content, pressure and fluid flow in engineering process; methods of testing and inspection of engineering materials, strain measurement, brittle-coating, and related instrumentation; and design of energy systems using conventional, non-conventional, renewable and other alternative power sources.
Machine Design and Development – deals with the mastery of problem definition and analysis, design conceptualization, and machine development. This includes understanding the principles, guidelines and standards in technical specifications, computation of the strength of materials, and definition of tolerances. Methods of testing and performance evaluation of machines are also studied.
Renewable Energy – concerned with the study, design and development of systems for harnessing alternative energy resources such as biomass, solar, wind and water power. The biomass area will concentrate on the production aspects of the substrate for fuels such as alcohol and oil. It also will deal with direct utilization of biomass such as those for application in agricultural and rural operations. In solar energy, the focus will be on thermal applications while wind and hydropower engineering will seek niche in small-scale applications and systems
Machine Vision and Robotics – using computer technology and principles in electronics in combination with mechanical mechanisms to design and develop automatic systems for agricultural applications. This involves the study of digital image processing, principles of electronic sensors and actuators, computer programming, and control systems.
Instrumentation and Control – deals with the fundamental characteristics of instruments for measurements and regulation of various physical properties of materials and processes. This covers the determination of parameters such as flow, temperature, level, forces or pressure using both analog and digital measurement and control systems.
Agricultural Ergonomics – the study of designing equipment and devices that fit the human body, its movements, and its cognitive abilities. It is aimed to fulfill the two goals of health and productivity. It is relevant in the design of products that are safe and easy-to-use. Proper ergonomic design is necessary to prevent repetitive strain injuries, which can develop over time and can lead to long-term disability. It takes account of the user's capabilities and limitations to ensure that tasks, equipment, information and the environment suit the user.
Tillage Systems – deals with the soil properties and the characteristics of the interaction of soil and soil-engaging tool. These include evaluation of the soil reaction forces, pulverization characteristics, and the various factors affecting the interaction of the soil and the implement for upland and lowland conditions, and for passive and active tillage implements.
Potential students of the program may come from among the graduates of mechanical engineering, agricultural engineering, and other engineering programs of UPLB, as well as other universities offering undergraduate programs in these fields.
Farm Power and Machinery as a field of specialization imparts to students the analytical mind to apply the principles and knowledge gained from the study of biological, agricultural, and physical sciences in addressing real needs and concerns in agricultural production from land preparation to harvesting and threshing stage. The aim is to conceptualize and develop a better method or approach, an improved machine, or an upgraded system in terms of efficiency, more comfort to operator, capacity, ease of operation, and production profitability. With the incorporation of computer and electronic technologies, the designed machine or system will be more enhanced as some degree of automation can be implemented. For instance, digital image processing techniques and control methods can be explored to simplify an activity and increase precision and accuracy of component parts. These prepare the students for careers in design, innovation, construction, consultancy work and others, in both government and private companies or agencies with domestic or international scope.
Requirements and Mechanics to Graduate
For MS: Farm Power and Machinery, Crop Processing, and Soil and Water Engineering. For PhD: Land and Water Resources Engineering, Agricultural Power and Machinery and Agricultural Process Engineering.
The MS AENG includes a minimum of 31 units, these are: 15 units of major courses; 9 units of minor, 1 unit of graduate seminar, and 6 units of thesis work.
If only one cognate field is chosen, the minimum major and cognate courses must be 15 and 9 units, respectively.
AENG 201, AENG 299 is required for Agricultural Power and Machinery and Agricultural Process Engineering.
AENG 201. Advanced Engineering Mathematics (3). Formulation and solution of differential and systems equations in engineering. 3 hrs (class). PR. MATH 28 or its equivalent. (1)
AENG 202. Engineering Similitude (3). Theory of similitude and its application to engineering models. 5 hrs (2 class, 3 lab). PR. COI. (2)
AENG 203. Heat, Mass and Momentum Transport (3). Principles of transport phenomena and their application to agricultural, biological, and food systems. 3 hrs (class). PR. AENG 111 or COI. (2)
AENG 204. Advanced Thermodynamics (3). Thermodynamic theory of irreversible processes. Selected applications in physiological unit operations and separation processes. 3 hrs (class). PR. ENSC 14 or CHEM 102; MATH 151. (1)
AENG 205. Numerical Methods in Thermo-Fluid Engineering (3). Finite differences, finite elements analysis and application in agricultural process engineering. 3 hrs (class). PR. AENG 201 or COI. (2)
AENG 225. Advanced Heat Transfer (3). Analysis and application of steady state and transient heat conduction; radiant heat transfer; radiation networks; spectral properties, natural and forced convective transfer of heat and mass in boundary layers and in fluids with phase change. 3 hrs (class). PR. ENSC 14a. (2)
AENG 226. Convective Heat Transfer (3). Equations of convective heat transfer, solutions to laminar and turbulent forced convection; free and mixed convective transfer; property variation; condensation and heat transfer in porous media. 3 hrs (class). PR. AENG 225 or COI. (1)
AENG 232. Drying, Storage, and Preservation of Cereal and Forage Crops (3). Systems for drying, storage and preservation of cereal and forage crops; theory of heat and mass transfer in drying and its relation to quality control. 5 hrs (2 class, 3 lab). PR. COI. (1)
AENG 233. Agricultural Process Engineering (3). Design and operations of systems for drying and storage, material handling and refrigeration; other unit operations in the processing of agricultural products. 5 hrs (2 class, 3 lab). PR. COI. (2)
AENG 235. Agricultural Process Systems Analysis and Design (3). Modeling agricultural process equipment; systems simulation; economic analysis of process systems. 3 hrs (class). PR. AENG 233. (1)
AENG 236. Physical Properties of Agricultural Materials (3). Measurement and application of mechanical, rheological, thermal and electrical properties of agricultural materials. 5 hrs (2 class, 3 lab). PR. AENG 233 or COI.
AENG 237. Process Control in Agricultural Process Engineering (3). Control systems analysis and design; simulation for process control. 3 hrs (class). PR. AENG 270 or COI. (2)
AENG 238. Drying and Dehydration of Agricultural Crops (3). Principles of drying and dehydration, drying methods; design and operation of drying sytems. 3 hrs (class). PR. AENG 232 or COI. (1)
AENG 240. Advanced Water Resources Planning (3). Factors and issues in water resource planning; application of systems methodologies. 3 hrs (class). PR. COI. (1)
AENG 241. Research Methods in Land and Water Resources Engineering (3). Quantitative and qualitative research methods; validity and reliability considerations in research design; analytical tools and techniques; computer-oriented approaches; application to land and water resources engineering problems. 3 hrs (class). PR. COI. (1)
AENG 242. Water Management (3). Irrigation practices as affected by soil properties and topography; interrelations of irrigation with tillage, fertility and fertilizer applications; moisture control during germination and harvest; irrigation for water conservation; influences of salinity and drainage on water management. 3 hrs (class). PR. COI. (1)
AENG 243. Soil and Water Conservation (3). Agricultural hydrology; flood control and structures; diversion and waterways; relationship between water management and soil-water conservation; land clearing, development, and formation. 3 hrs (class). PR. COI. (2)
AENG 244. Groundwater Hydrology (3). Groundwater as a source of water supply, occurrence and distribution, flow hydraulics, aquifer and well characteristics, well drilling, discharge, development, maintenance, and recharge.
Pumps and pumping test analysis. 3 hrs (class). PR. ABE 71 and MATH 26 or 36. (2)
AENG 245. Drainage Engineering (3). Dynamics of soil water; rainfall-runoff relations; seepage analysis; soil permeability measurements; generalized flow equations; design criteria; quantitative determination of drainage spacing and depth; subsurface and open ditch drainage design. 3 hrs (class). PR. ABE 73 and MATH 151. (1)
AENG 247. Water Quality Control Engineering (3). Water and waste water characteristics; design and operation of water and waste water treatment systems; water reclamation and reuse. 3 hrs (class). PR. ABE 177 or ChE 180 or COI. (2)
AENG 248. Erosion and Sediment Transport (3). Theories and models of erosion and sediment transport; controlmeasures; soil and water conservation planning. 3 hrs (class). PR. COI. (1)
AENG 249. Statistical Hydrology (3). Frequency analysis of hydrologic events; hydrologic models; single and multisite generation of synthetic sequences; data augmentation; flood estimation; application studies. 3 hrs (class). PR. ABE 71 or COI. (2)
AENG 260. Experimental Stress Analysis (3). Elasticity, brittle-coating methods, photoelastic methods, strain measurement methods and related instrumentation; principles of testing and inspection of engineering materials. 5 hrs (2 class, 3 lab). PR. ENSC 13 or its equivalent. (1)
AENG 261. Agricultural Machinery Design (4). Design and testing of agricultural machinery to meet their functional and economic requirements. 8 hrs (2 class, 6 lab). PR. COI. (2)
AENG 262. Advanced Soil Mechanics of Tillage and Traction (3). Soil failure theories, traction, compaction and flotation on agricultural soils; tillage tool design. 5 hrs (2 class, 3 lab). PR. ABE 145 or ABE 180 or COI. (1)
Dynamics of seeding and transplanting; soils seed and seedlingmachine interactions. 5hrs(2 class,3 lab) PR.
ABE 145 or ABE 180 or SOIL 1. (1,2)
AENG 264. Pesticide Application Equipment (3). Design, operation and the efficient and safe use of pesticide application equipment for crops. 5 hrs (2 class, 3 lab). PR. ABE 42. (1)
AENG 265. Design of Harvesting and Threshing Machinery (3). Theory of operation of and design of harvesters and threshers 3 hrs (class). PR. ABE 42 or COI. (2)
AENG 266. Advanced Agricultural Energy and Power Engineering (3). Conventional and non-conventional energy sources; engine test on dynamometers; design of alternative power sources. 5 hrs (2 class, 3 lab). PR. ABE 41 or COI. (2)
AENG 270. Instrumentation for Engineering Research (4). Instruments and principles of measurement and control of temperature, humidity, strain, moisture content, and pressure and fluid flow in engineering process; principles of digital measurements. 6 hrs (3 class, 3 lab). PR. EE 1 or its equivalent. (2)
AENG 290. Special Problems (1-3). May be taken twice provided that total number of units to be credited to the student’s program will not exceed 4 units. PR. COI. (1,2)
AENG 291. Special Topics (1-3). May be taken twice provided that total number of units to be credited to the student’s program will not exceed 4 units. (2)
AENG 296. Special Problems in Agricultural Engineering (2). May be taken twice for additional credits not to exceed a total of 6 units. PR. COI
AENG 299. Graduate Seminar in Agricultural Engineering (1). May be taken twice.
AENG 300. Master’s Thesis (6). (1,2,S)
AENG 400. Doctoral Dissertation (12).
Highest Educational Attainment
Specialization (Based on Program specialization)
Amongo, Rossana Marie C.
Machinery Design & Testing, Anthropometry
Bato Pepito M
Machine Vision and Robotics,
Suministrado, Delfin C
Control Systems Engineering,
Key Person to contact: Chairman, Agricultural Machinery Division
Contact numbers: +63 49 536 2792